The CEOs of U.S. steelmakers Nucor Corp, United States Steel Corp, ArcelorMittal SA and Commercial Metals Co have backed all of Trump`s steel rights against China as well as the United Steelworkers Union.      Scott Paul, President of the Associated Alliance for American Manufacturing, also supported tariffs and rejected proposals to cancel them in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.  In 2019, he criticized the stagnation of trade negotiations, saying, “Trump would have tore any Democrat apart for this result.”  Since the 1980s, Trump has supported tariffs to reduce the U.S. trade deficit and encourage domestic production, and said the country was “ripped off” by its trading partners; The imposition of tariffs has become an important part of his presidential campaign.  A context of the Council of Foreign Relations stated that while many economists and trade experts did not believe that trade deficits were hurting the economy, others felt that persistent trade deficits were often a problem and that there was a substantial debate about the size of the foreign government trade deficit and the policies to be adopted to reduce it.  Almost all economists who responded to the Associated Press and Reuters polls said that Trump`s tariffs would do more harm than good to the U.S. economy, and some economists have argued for alternative ways for the United States to deal with its trade deficit with China.      Leaders of China and 14 other countries in the Asia-Pacific region have signed one of the largest free trade agreements in history, which includes 2.2 billion people and 30% of global economic output.
In April 2018, China announced that it was abolishing laws requiring global automakers and shipbuilders to work through government partners.  The President of China and Secretary General Xi Jinping reaffirmed these commitments and reaffirmed their commitment to increase imports, reduce restrictions on foreign spies in production and extend protection to intellectual property, all of which are central issues in Trump`s complaints about their trade imbalance.  Trump thanked Xi for his “friendly words on tariffs and car barriers” and “his education” on intellectual property and technology transfer. “We`re going to make great progress together!” the president added.  In August 2019, Roger Johnson of the National Farmers Union, which represents about 200,000 livestock farmers, ranchers and fishermen, said the trade war was creating problems for American farmers, noting, among other things, the decline in U.S. soybean exports to China.  [Best Source Required] In the same month, the American Farm Bureau Federation, which represents the large agricultural industry, stated that the announcement of new tariffs “signals more problems for U.S. agriculture.”  At the 45th G7, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said: “We don`t like tariffs on the whole.”  An ABC article reported that U.S. allies warned Trump of his trade war with China during the summit, but that Trump said he was not under pressure from his allies because of the trade war.  European Council President Donald Tusk has said that the trade war could be a global recession. However, in the run-up to the U.S. election, the evidence indicates that the agreement is not keeping Trump`s promise.1 The latest official data show that China is not up to expectations and is only reaching 53% of the planned purchase target by September 2020.